Fire Safety & Resources
Smoke Alarms Smoke alarms that are properly installed play a critical role in reducing fire deaths and injuries. Here’s what you need to know:
- A smoke alarm should be installed in every bedroom, outside each sleeping area and on every level of your home
- You should check your smoke alarm every month
- When a smoke alarm sounds, get outside and stay outside
- Replace the batteries in your smoke alarms twice a year
- Replace all smoke alarms in your home every 10 years
Fire Escape Planning
Fires can spread rapidly through your home, leaving you as little as 2 minutes to escape safely once the alarm sounds. Make sure you have put together a home fire escape plan for your family - and practice it often.
• Draw a floor plan of your house to identify exits and escape routes with your family
• Identify 2 ways out of every room
• Choose an outside meeting place (should be a safe distance and in front of your home where firefighters can see you)
• Talk about your plan and practice it with every family member at least twice a year
A portable fire extinguisher can save lives and property by putting out a small fire or containing it until the fire department arrives; but portable extinguishers have limitations. Because fire grows and spreads so rapidly, the number one priority for residents is to get out safely, using a predesignated home fire escape plan and meeting location. Once out, stay out! Never return for pets or personal items.
To operate a fire extinguisher, remember the word P-A-S-S:
- Pull the pin.
- Aim low. Point the extinguisher at the base of the fire.
- Squeeze the lever slowly and evenly.
- Sweep the nozzle from side-to-side.
Importance of an Exit Plan
Install fire extinguishers close to an exit and keep your back to a clear exit when you use the device so you can make an easy escape if the fire is not easily controlled. If the room fills with smoke, leave immediately. Never allow the fire to be between you and your exit.
Remember, fire extinguishers are only one element of a fire response plan, but the primary element is a safe escape. Every household should have a home fire escape plan and working smoke alarms. Smoke detectors should be tested monthly, and batteries changed every 6 months.