What do I need to consider if I want to start a community food garden?

Community food gardens are volunteer-led initiatives that require internal processes and communication systems to function well. The following questions, created by Pierce Conservation District, will help you develop a framework for working together to manage the garden long-term. It is important that as many stakeholders as possible contribute to the formation of this framework to ensure that it represents the collective wisdom of the group. Your guiding document will be something that is updated over time as the group learns and evolves. 

Once you've considered the questions below, contact your local conservation district if you have a location in mind that you think could successfully host a community garden. 


Goal: Allow every participant to voice their ideas and hopes for the space (i.e. what is calling each person to participate?). This will inform the way you develop the project. 

  • What type of community project does the group want to create?
  • What is the purpose of the project? 
  • Who will the project serve? 

Organizational structure and leadership 

Goal: Agree upon a system for how participants will work together to manage the project and make decisions in the future. 

  • What type of organizational and leadership structure makes sense? 
  • What type of decision-making structure will we use? Who makes decisions? 
  • If we form a leadership team or committee, which decisions are made by the smaller group and which decisions are made by all gardeners? 
  • How will leadership be transitioned over time (and how will new leaders be encouraged to come forward?) 
  • How will we change the rules once we've made them? 
  • How will we ensure that maximum participation is encouraged to shape the garden moving forward? 
  • What roles do we need to be successful? (People can perform multiple roles.) Common examples of roles: 
    • Site Coordinator (point person for entire project) 
    • Maintenance Coordinator (keeps an eye on physical site) 
    • Plot assignment and management of a waiting list (if appropriate) 
    • Communication (keeping participants in the know about events, etc.) 
    • Money management (collecting fees, managing budget) 
    • Additional roles (you can come up with your own, too!) 
      • Food Bank Plot Coordinator
      • Education Coordinator
      • Children’s Area Coordinator
      • Outreach/Events Coordinator
      • Compost Coordinator


Goal: Clarify systems for maintaining the site and how that work will be accomplished – make sure to be specific about standards of care at both the individual and communal level. 

  • What level of participation do we expect at both the individual level (maintaining individual plots weed-free) and the communal level (participating in the maintenance of communal areas)? 
  • How will we provide opportunities to participate (assign tasks, hold work parties)? 
  • How will we manage if people don’t participate at the expected level? What are the consequences?
  • How will we manage the site in times of high demand as well as low demand (how are extra plots assigned?) 


Goal: Successful projects maintain maximum participation in decision-making. Agree upon tools and practices that the group will use to make sure that all participants and stakeholders are able to communicate so this can happen easily over time. 

  • What is the best way for the group to communicate and ensure no one is left out? 
  • When should meetings take place? How often? Where? 
  • How will other people and organizations know about the group and the garden? How do we involve the neighbors that aren’t here? How do we maintain communications with the nonparticipant stakeholders over time (i.e. neighbors)?

Conflict resolution 

Goal: Develop a system for managing conflict so that disagreements can be processed in a way that strengthens the group. 

  • How will we handle issues where people do not agree? One idea is to meet in a smaller group with the interested parties and a neutral facilitator. 
  • How we will ensure that our garden is a welcoming place for all to contribute ideas? 
  • How will we ensure that our decision-making process is transparent? 

Group processes 

Goal: Develop any necessary procedures for managing the administrative or other supportive processes. 

  • Tracking money: Will we collect money from participants? How will we make decisions about spending it? How will we maintain transparency in the management of money? Will there be a sliding scale or other system to ensure money is not a barrier to participation? 
  • Fundraising: Will we write grants or request donations to support projects at the site? How will the grants be processed (who is your 501c3?) How will the money be managed? 
  • Water access: How will we gain access to water and who will be responsible for the bill? 
  • Insurance: Is additional insurance necessary? Who will be responsible? 
  • Neighbors: Developing and maintaining good relationships is critical. Think also of local business and community groups as well – they often have resources and ideas to contribute.

Show All Answers

1. Who will benefit from the food grown in the garden?
2. Who will care for the garden?
3. What components are necessary for a healthy garden?
4. Where did the garden's raised beds come from?
5. How do the garden's rain barrels work?
6. How does the garden's irrigation system work?
7. What can be grown in the garden?
8. How long do certain crops take to grow?
9. What is "overwintering" and why is it important?
10. Where can I learn more about the YMCA Community Food Garden?
11. What is the Lawns to Lettuce Program?
12. How can I learn more about the Lawns to Lettuce Program?
13. What do I need to consider if I want to start a community food garden?